General Remarks, Class Headings, and Explanatory Notes
Nice Agreement Eleventh Edition – version 2021 (NCL 11-2021)
International trademark classification, and the headings of the international trademark classes, are established by the Committee of Experts of the Nice Union and set forth in the International Classification of Goods and Services for the Purposes of the Registration of Marks (Nice Classification), published by the World Intellectual Property Organization (“WIPO”). The general remarks, class numbers, class headings, and explanatory notes for each international trademark class are as follows.
The International Classification is available on the WIPO website. However, because the international list was developed to classify goods and services and not to identify specific goods and services, most terms will not be sufficiently definite to use in an identification of goods and/or services. On January 1, 2021, the Nice Classification, Eleventh Edition, version 2021 (NCL 11-2021), became effective. To see a comprehensive list of all the new or changed U.S. ID Manual terms, on or after January 1, 2021, please conduct an advanced search in the Trademark ID Manual using the exact date (“=” sign in the “Effective Date” dropdown menu) of January 1, 2021.
The indications of goods or services appearing in the class headings are general indications relating to the fields to which, in principle, the goods or services belong. The Alphabetical List should therefore be consulted in order to ascertain the exact classification of each individual product or service.
If a product cannot be classified with the aid of the List of Classes, the Explanatory Notes and the Alphabetical List, the following remarks set forth the criteria to be applied:
(a) A finished product is in principle classified according to its function or purpose. If the function or purpose of a finished product is not mentioned in any class heading, the finished product is classified by analogy with other comparable finished products, indicated in the Alphabetical List. If none is found, other subsidiary criteria, such as that of the material of which the product is made or its mode of operation, are applied.
(b) A finished product which is a multipurpose composite object (e.g., clocks incorporating radios) may be classified in all classes that correspond to any of its functions or intended purposes. If those functions or purposes are not mentioned in any class heading, other criteria, indicated under (a), above, are to be applied.
(c) Raw materials, unworked or semi-worked, are in principle classified according to the material of which they consist.
(d) Goods intended to form part of another product are in principle classified in the same class as that product only in cases where the same type of goods cannot normally be used for another purpose. In all other cases, the criterion indicated under (a), above, applies.
(e) When a product, whether finished or not, is classified according to the material of which it is made, and it is made of different materials, the product is in principle classified according to the material which predominates.
(f) Cases adapted to the product they are intended to contain are in principle classified in the same class as the product.
If a service cannot be classified with the aid of the List of Classes, the Explanatory Notes and the Alphabetical List, the following remarks set forth the criteria to be applied:
(a) Services are in principle classified according to the branches of activities specified in the headings of the service classes and in their Explanatory Notes or, if not specified, by analogy with other comparable services indicated in the Alphabetical List.
(b) Rental services are in principle classified in the same classes as the services provided by means of the rented objects (e.g., Rental of telephones, covered by Cl. 38). Leasing services are analogous to rental services and therefore should be classified in the same way. However, hire- or lease-purchase financing is classified in Cl. 36 as a financial service.
(c) Services that provide advice, information or consultation are in principle classified in the same classes as the services that correspond to the subject matter of the advice, information or consultation, e.g., transportation consultancy (Cl. 39), business management consultancy (Cl. 35), financial consultancy (Cl. 36), beauty consultancy (Cl. 44). The rendering of the advice, information or consultancy by electronic means (e.g., telephone, computer) does not affect the classification of these services.
(d) Services rendered in the framework of franchising are in principle classified in the same class as the particular services provided by the franchisor (e.g., business advice relating to franchising (Cl. 35), financing services relating to franchising (Cl. 36), legal services relating to franchising (Cl. 45).
Select A Class
Trademark Class 1
Chemicals for use in industry, science and photography, as well as in agriculture, horticulture and forestry;
unprocessed artificial resins, unprocessed plastics;
fire extinguishing and fire prevention compositions;
tempering and soldering preparations;
substances for tanning animal skins and hides;
adhesives for use in industry;
putties and other paste fillers;
compost, manures, fertilizers;
biological preparations for use in industry and science.
Trademark Class 3
Non-medicated cosmetics and toiletry preparations;
perfumery, essential oils;
bleaching preparations and other substances for laundry use;
cleaning, polishing, scouring and abrasive preparations.
Trademark Class 2
Paints, varnishes, lacquers;
preservatives against rust and against deterioration of wood;
inks for printing, marking and engraving;
raw natural resins;
metals in foil and powder form for use in painting, decorating, printing and art.
Trademark Class 4
Industrial oils and greases, wax;
dust absorbing, wetting and binding compositions;
fuels and illuminants;
candles and wicks for lighting.
Trademark Class 5
Pharmaceuticals, medical and veterinary preparations;
sanitary preparations for medical purposes;
dietetic food and substances adapted for medical or veterinary use, food for babies;
dietary supplements for human beings and animals;
plasters, materials for dressings;
material for stopping teeth, dental wax;
preparations for destroying vermin;
Trademark Class 6
Common metals and their alloys, ores;
metal materials for building and construction;
transportable buildings of metal;
non-electric cables and wires of common metal;
small items of metal hardware;
metal containers for storage or transport;
Trademark Class 7
Machines, machine tools, power-operated tools;
motors and engines, except for land vehicles;
machine coupling and transmission components, except for land vehicles;
agricultural implements, other than hand-operated hand tools;
incubators for eggs;
automatic vending machines.
Trademark Class 8
Hand tools and implements, hand-operated;
side arms, except firearms;
Trademark Class 9
Scientific, research, navigation, surveying, photographic, cinematographic, audiovisual, optical, weighing, measuring, signalling, detecting, testing, inspecting, life-saving and teaching apparatus and instruments;
apparatus and instruments for conducting, switching, transforming, accumulating, regulating or controlling the distribution or use of electricity;
apparatus and instruments for recording, transmitting, reproducing or processing sound, images or data;
recorded and downloadable media, computer software, blank digital or analogue recording and storage media;
mechanisms for coin-operated apparatus;
cash registers, calculating devices;
computers and computer peripheral devices;
diving suits, divers’ masks, ear plugs for divers, nose clips for divers and swimmers, gloves for divers, breathing apparatus for underwater swimming;
Trademark Class 10
Surgical, medical, dental and veterinary apparatus and instruments;
artificial limbs, eyes and teeth;
therapeutic and assistive devices adapted for persons with disabilities;
apparatus, devices and articles for nursing infants;
sexual activity apparatus, devices and articles.
Trademark Class 11
Apparatus and installations for lighting, heating, cooling, steam generating, cooking, drying, ventilating, water supply and sanitary purposes.
Trademark Class 12
apparatus for locomotion by land, air or water.
Trademark Class 13
ammunition and projectiles;
Trademark Class 14
Precious metals and their alloys;
jewellery, precious and semi-precious stones;
horological and chronometric instruments.
Trademark Class 15
music stands and stands for musical instruments;
Trademark Class 16
Paper and cardboard;
stationery and office requisites, except furniture;
adhesives for stationery or household purposes;
drawing materials and materials for artists;
instructional and teaching materials;
plastic sheets, films and bags for wrapping and packaging;
printers’ type, printing blocks.
Trademark Class 17
Unprocessed and semi-processed rubber, gutta-percha, gum, asbestos, mica and substitutes for all these materials;
plastics and resins in extruded form for use in manufacture;
packing, stopping and insulating materials;
flexible pipes, tubes and hoses, not of metal.
Trademark Class 18
Leather and imitations of leather;
animal skins and hides;
luggage and carrying bags;
umbrellas and parasols;
whips, harness and saddlery;
collars, leashes and clothing for animals.
Trademark Class 19
Materials, not of metal, for building and construction;
rigid pipes, not of metal, for building;
asphalt, pitch, tar and bitumen;
transportable buildings, not of metal;
monuments, not of metal.
Trademark Class 20
Furniture, mirrors, picture frames;
containers, not of metal, for storage or transport;
unworked or semi-worked bone, horn, whalebone or mother-of-pearl;
Trademark Class 21
Household or kitchen utensils and containers;
cookware and tableware, except forks, knives and spoons;
combs and sponges;
brushes, except paintbrushes;
articles for cleaning purposes;
unworked or semi-worked glass, except building glass;
glassware, porcelain and earthenware.
Trademark Class 22
Ropes and string;
tents and tarpaulins;
awnings of textile or synthetic materials;
sacks for the transport and storage of materials in bulk;
padding, cushioning and stuffing materials, except of paper, cardboard, rubber or plastics;
raw fibrous textile materials and substitutes therefor.
Trademark Class 23
Yarns and threads for textile use.
Trademark Class 24
Textiles and substitutes for textiles;
curtains of textile or plastic.
Trademark Class 25
Clothing, footwear, headwear.
Trademark Class 26
Lace, braid and embroidery, and haberdashery ribbons and bows;
buttons, hooks and eyes, pins and needles;
Trademark Class 27
Carpets, rugs, mats and matting, linoleum and other materials for covering existing floors;
wall hangings, not of textile.
Trademark Class 28
Games, toys and playthings;
video game apparatus;
gymnastic and sporting articles;
decorations for Christmas trees.
Trademark Class 29
Meat, fish, poultry and game;
preserved, frozen, dried and cooked fruits and vegetables;
jellies, jams, compotes;
milk, cheese, butter, yogurt and other milk products;
oils and fats for food.
Trademark Class 30
Coffee, tea, cocoa and artificial coffee;
rice, pasta and noodles;
tapioca and sago;
flour and preparations made from cereals;
bread, pastries and confectionery;
ice cream, sorbets and other edible ices;
sugar, honey, treacle;
salt, seasonings, spices, preserved herbs;
vinegar, sauces and other condiments;
ice (frozen water).
Trademark Class 31
Raw and unprocessed agricultural, aquacultural, horticultural and forestry products;
raw and unprocessed grains and seeds;
fresh fruits and vegetables, fresh herbs;
natural plants and flowers;
bulbs, seedlings and seeds for planting;
foodstuffs and beverages for animals;
Trademark Class 32
mineral and aerated waters;
fruit beverages and fruit juices;
syrups and other non-alcoholic preparations for making beverages.
Trademark Class 33
Alcoholic beverages, except beers;
alcoholic preparations for making beverages.
Trademark Class 34
Tobacco and tobacco substitutes;
cigarettes and cigars;
electronic cigarettes and oral vaporizers for smokers;
Trademark Class 35
business management, organization and administration;
Trademark Class 36
Financial, monetary and banking services;
real estate affairs.
Trademark Class 37
installation and repair services;
mining extraction, oil and gas drilling.
Trademark Class 38
Trademark Class 39
packaging and storage of goods;
Trademark Class 40
Treatment of materials;
recycling of waste and trash;
air purification and treatment of water;
food and drink preservation.
Trademark Class 41
Trademark Class 41 Heading with Explanatory Notes Education;providing of...
Trademark Class 42
Trademark Class 42 Heading with Explanatory Notes Scientific and technological services and...
Trademark Class 43
Trademark Class 43 Heading with Explanatory Notes Services for providing food and drink;temporary...
Trademark Class 44
Class 44 with Explanatory Notes Medical services;veterinary services;hygienic and beauty care for...
Trademark Class 45
security services for the physical protection of tangible property and individuals;
personal and social services rendered by others to meet the needs of individuals.
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